Thursday, October 25, 2007

What is beyond time?

Truemors links to something that gives you pause.

On a finite universe with no beginning or end
Peter Lynds, Independent


Based on the conjecture that rather than the second law of thermodynamics inevitably be breached as matter approaches a big crunch or a black hole singularity, the order of events should reverse, a model of the universe that resolves a number of problems and paradoxes in cosmology is presented. A universe that has no beginning (and no need for one), no ending, but yet is finite, is without gravitational singularities, precludes time travel, in which events are neither determined by initial or final conditions, and problems such as why the universe has a low entropy past, or conditions at the big bang appear to be so "special", require no causal explanation, is the result. In connection to the model, the Friedmann-LemaƮtre-Robertson-Walker (FLRW) metric, the Schwarzschild metric, and the Penrose-Hawking singularity theorems, are discussed.

But Peter Lynds is obviously wrong:

While I only have an MA in Philosophy and Literature, I plan on returning to study Physics, and considered the basic notions by Lynds just that: basic. For the most part, it reminded me of my second semester Philosophy class apropos Zeno's paradox, and truly nothing more....

After reading the piece, which lacks math(other than basic number theory) and general proof, and considering the ideas of momentum, charge, and spin were neglected I really became confused.

If a theory does not have the complexities of the currently approved theories, it is obviously stupid and misguided. Although some postulate that the currently approved theories are not complex enough:

Mr. Lynds’ work on time, which is generating such interest and controversy in the world of physics, has been criticized because it supplies no mathematical model to support its contentions. This is because our present mathematics has no adequate means for describing the continuous flow of energy, information, and matter which permits the Universe to exist.

Perhaps someone who knows Zeno's paradoxes can comment on this:

Zeno's Paradoxes: A Timely Solution

Lynds, Peter (2003) Zeno's Paradoxes: A Timely Solution.


Zeno of Elea's motion and infinity paradoxes, excluding the Stadium, are stated (1), commented on (2), and their historical proposed solutions then discussed (3). Their correct solution, based on recent conclusions in physics associated with time and classical and quantum mechanics, and in particular, of there being a necessary trade off of all precisely determined physical values at a time (including relative position), for their continuity through time, is then explained (4). This article follows on from another, more physics orientated and widely encompassing paper entitled "Time and Classical and Quantum Mechanics: Indeterminacy vs. Discontinuity" (Lynds, 2003), with its intention being to detail the correct solution to Zeno's paradoxes more fully by presently focusing on them alone. If any difficulties are encountered in understanding any aspects of the physics underpinning the following contents, it is suggested that readers refer to the original paper for a more in depth coverage.

Or we can just look at this:

Genesis 1:1 (New International Version)
New International Version (NIV)
Copyright © 1973, 1978, 1984 by International Bible Society

1 In the beginning God created the heavens and the earth.

Oh, great. I just succeeded in getting this blog banned in Sweden.

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